1755 – CORSICAN CONSTITUTION
THE FIRST CONSTITUTION OF THE MODERN WORLD
The Constitution of Corsica enters into force on November 18, 1755, during the “Consulta Generale” of Corte: Corsica is now free from the Republic of Genoa.
Initiated by Pascal Paoli, it is often considered as the first Constitution of the modern world separating the three powers: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
It was the first Constitution to grant women the right to vote (over 21)
Many philosophers of the Enlightenment will praise it.
At the time, the Republic of Genoa was one of the strongest Mediterranean Empires, it completely controls Corsica since 1299, the date before which the island was dominated by Pisa.
Corsica is of great interest to the Genoese Empire, because of its geostrategic position, but also for these capacities to supply the empire with wheat.
The Saracens, the Aragonese, and the French also coveted it, but the power and the means in place by Genoa (ex Genoese Towers) ensured its occupation for more than 450 years, until 1755.
Pascal Paoli is elected General of the Corsican Nation, he fought the Genoese forces, endows the island with an armed fleet, its own money (I Soldi) and a flag (A Bandera Corsa).
The “Dio vi salvi Regina” national anthem of the Republic of Corsica is still sung today at cultural or sports events, and is still recognized as the Corsican Anthem